RULE 3.4 FAIRNESS TO OPPOSING PARTY AND COUNSEL
A lawyer shall not:
(a) unlawfully obstruct another party's access to evidence or unlawfully alter, destroy or conceal a document or other material having potential evidentiary value;
(b) falsify evidence, counsel or assist a witness to testify falsely, or offer an inducement to a witness that is prohibited by law;
(c) knowingly disobey an obligation under the rules of a tribunal except for an open refusal based on an assertion that no valid obligation exists;
(d) in pretrial procedure, make a frivolous discovery request or fail to make reasonably diligent effort to comply with a legally proper discovery request by an opposing party;
(e) in trial, allude to any matter that the lawyer does not reasonably believe is relevant or that will not be supported by admissible evidence, assert personal knowledge of facts in issue except when testifying as a witness, or state a personal opinion as to the justness of a cause, the credibility of a witness, the culpability of a civil litigant or the guilt or innocence of an accused; or
(f) request a person other than a client to refrain from voluntarily giving relevant information to another party unless:
(1) the person is a relative or an employee or other agent of a client; and
(2) the lawyer reasonably believes that the person's interests will not be adversely affected by refraining from giving such information.
While a lawyer in the course of representing a client zealously asserts
the client's position in
an attempt to obtain a result advantageous to the client, the lawyer's actions in the course of the
representation must be consistent with the requirements of honest dealing with the opposing
and counsel The procedure of the adversary system contemplates that the evidence
in a case is to
be marshaled competitively by contending parties . Fair competition in the adversary
fostered secured by prohibitions against destruction or concealment of
influencing witnesses, obstructive tactics in discovery procedures, and the like.
 Documents and other items of evidence are often essential to establish a claim
Subject to evidentiary privileges, the right of an opposing party, including the government, to
evidence through discovery or subpoena is an important procedural right. The exercise of that
can be frustrated if relevant material is altered, concealed or destroyed. Applicable law in many
jurisdictions makes it an offense to destroy material for purposes of
availability in a pending proceeding or one whose commencement can be foreseen. Falsifying
evidence is also generally a criminal offense. Paragraph (a) applies to evidentiary material
generally, including computerized information. Applicable law may permit a lawyer to take
temporary possession of physical evidence of client crimes for the purpose of conducting a
examination that will not alter or destroy material characteristics of the evidence. In such a
applicable law may require the lawyer to turn the evidence over to the police or other
authority, depending on the circumstances.
 With regard to paragraph (b), it is not improper to pay a witness's expenses or to compensate an expert witness on terms permitted by law. The common law rule in most jurisdictions is that it is improper to pay an occurrence witness any fee for testifying and that it is improper to pay an expert witness a contingent fee.
 Paragraph (f) permits a lawyer to advise employees of a client to refrain from giving information to another party, for the employees may identify their interests with those of the client. See also Rule 4.2.
Reference: Minutes of the Professional Conduct Subcommittee of the Attorney Standards Committee on 10/18/85, 11/08/85 and 12/13/85; Minutes of the Joint Committee on Attorney Standards on 04/16/04, 03/18/05, 06/14/05.