Administrative Rule 36 - NORTH DAKOTA RULES ON JUDICIAL BRANCH EDUCATION
Rule 1. Judicial Branch Education Commission.
(a) There is established within the North Dakota judicial system the Judicial Branch Education Commission consisting of nine members. All members shall be appointed by the executive committee of the Judicial Conference. Five members must be appointed from among the judges of the courts of record of this state. One member must be appointed from each of the following classes:
(1) Juvenile court personnel;
(2) Support staff of the courts of record or employees of clerk of court or trial court administration offices;
(3) The faculty of the University of North Dakota Law School; and
(4) Judges who serve on courts not of record.
(b) The members of the Commission shall designate one of the nine member
s to chair the
(c) The state court administrator, the Director of Education and Communication, and the head of the judicial branch's IT department, or their designees, are ex officio members of the commission, but may not vote.
(d) Of the members of the commission initially appointed, three must be for a one-year term, three for a two-year term, and three for a three-year term. Thereafter, each member must be appointed for a three-year term, except an appointment to an unexpired term. The initial term of each member of the commission must be determined by lot at the first meeting of the commission.
(e) A member of the commission may not serve more than three consecutive three-year terms, but may serve until a successor is appointed and has qualified. A former member who served three consecutive terms is eligible for reappointment after a six-year break in service.
Rule 2. Powers and Duties of Commission.
(a) The commission has general supervisory authority over the administration of this Rule.
(b) The state court administrator shall, with available funds, provide staff assistance to the commission including the Director of Education and Communication.
Rule 3. Powers and Duties of Director.
The Director shall:
(1) assist the commission in planning an integrated, education program for all personnel involved in providing judicial services to the citizens of North Dakota from any municipal, district or appellate court of the State of North Dakota, or any municipal subdivision thereof;
(2) provide all administrative assistance for the presentation of educational conferences and programs;
(3) assist the commission in making application for and administering special grant programs;
(4) assist the commission in developing cooperative agreements with other states and organizations, such as the National Judicial College, that are qualified to provide judicial education conferences and demonstration projects;
(5) promote effective teaching techniques for the presentation of materials at judicial conferences and institutes;
(6) perform other additional duties assigned by the commission from time to time.
Rule 4. Mandatory Continuing Education Requirements.
(a) Each judge of a court of record of this state, including the surrogate judges, justices of the supreme court, and each judicial referee, must complete at least 45 hours of approved course work in continuing judicial education, at least three of which must be in judicial ethics and at least one of the three ethics hours must be in diversity and inclusion, during each three-year period of tenure, commencing July 1, 1993. Continuing education requirements for those will less than 1 full year of service from the end of the last three-year reporting period will be waived.
(b) Each municipal judge must complete at least 18 hours of approved course work in continuing education, at least one of which must be in judicial ethics or diversity and inclusion during each three-year period of tenure, commencing July 1, 2008. In addition, each new municipal judge must complete a judicial orientation course within the first three months of taking office. Municipal judges serving at least 1 year, but less than 2, from the end of the last three-year reporting period will be required to report 6 continuing education hours; those serving at least 2 years, but less than 3, will be required to report 12 continuing education hours. Continuing education requirements for those with less than 1 full year of service will be waived.
(c) Each magistrate appointed under Section 27-05-31, NDCC, must complete a continuing education program every odd calendar year as provided by the Judicial Branch Education Commission.
(d) Each juvenile court director and court officer must complete at least 40 hours of approved course work during each three-year period, at least one of which must be in diversity and inclusion, commencing July 1, 2005. In addition, each new court officer must complete an orientation program within the first six months of taking office. Officers employed at least 1 year, but less than 2, from the end of the last three-year reporting period will be required to report 13 continuing education hours; those employed at least 2 years, but less than 3, will be required to report 26 continuing education hours. Continuing education requirements for those with less than 1 full year of employment will be waived.
Rule 5. Duties of Commission.
The commission shall:
(1) develop high quality judicial branch training and continuing education programs in this state for individuals involved in providing judicial services to the citizens of North Dakota from any municipal, district or appellate court of the State of North Dakota, or any municipal subdivision thereof, to enhance performance of their duties in the unified judicial system and their professional growth, and to provide them with a reasonable opportunity to fulfill any mandatory continuing educational requirements;
(2) develop and cooperate with other states, Canadian Provinces, and judicial branch training and continuing educational organizations, in presenting regional training and educational programs;
(3) develop and recommend to the Supreme Court a biennial budget for mandatory judicial branch training and continuing education;
(4) seek, apply for, and administer grants to fund other judicial branch training and continuing educational projects approved by the commission;
(5) develop a resource library of materials on judicial branch training and continuing education, including bench books, manuals, instructional materials, video tapes, and other judicial aids;
(6) receive, review, and grant applications for funds for expenses of attendees for attending judicial branch training and continuing educational programs conducted out of state, in accordance with policies adopted by the commission;
(7) draft, review, and recommend appropriate legislation and rules of court relating to judicial branch training and continuing education; and
(8) perform such related functions as may be necessary or desirable to improve the delivery of judicial branch training and continuing educational services to the unified judicial system of this state.
Rule 6. Crediting Attendance of Programs.
(a) Consistent with Judicial Branch Education Commission policy, t
The commission shall give
credit for attendance at a judicial branch training or continuing educational program sponsored or
approved for credit by the commission on the basis of one hour for each hour of attendance. If a
program is attended out of state, an applicant for credit must furnish the commission a description
of the program and the number of qualifying hours. The commission will review the information
and promptly notify the applicant of the number of credits to be approved.
(b) The commission shall determine what shall constitute "approved course work." Courses sponsored by the following organizations and their associated entities shall be presumptively approved:
(1) North Dakota Judicial System;
(2) National Judicial College;
(3) American Bar Association;
(4) American Academy of Judicial Education;
(5) National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges;
(6) American Law Institute;
(7) American Judicature Society;
(8) Institute for Court Management;
(9) State Bar Association;
(10) Accredited law schools;
(11) American Association for Justice;
(12) North Dakota Association for Justice;
(13) National Institute of Trial Advocacy;
(14) Defense Research Institute;
(15) American Parole and Probation Association;
(16) Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, U.S. Department of Justice;
(17) National Drug Court Institute;
(18) National Association of Drug Professionals;
(19) Native American Training Institute - Indian Child Welfare Act Conference;
(20) National Center for State Courts.
(21) National Association of Women Judges; and
(22) American Institute for Justice.
(c) Consistent with Judicial Branch Education Commission policy, t
The commission may grant
credit for self-study courses and other educational means approved in advance on a case-by-case
basis. Twenty percent of the required hours for any reporting period may be acquired through self-study.
Rule 7. Crediting Attendance as Faculty.
A judge who serves on the faculty of an approved judicial education or continuing legal education course is entitled to claim as continuing judicial education hours an amount of time equal to the judge's actual presentation and up to two times the presentation time for preparation.
A judge who serves on a panel may claim the entire time of the panel presentation as presentation time. A judge claiming continuing judicial education hours for faculty participation shall list those hours on the Judicial Education Report provided to the judge annually or by separate affidavit. A judge may claim only fifteen (15) judicial education hours for faculty participation in any one reporting period.
Rule 8. Self-Reporting Requirements.
Within 30 days after the end of each reporting period, commencing July 1, 1993, each individual subject to the mandatory training or educational requirements of this Rule must submit, on a form furnished by the commission, a statement of the courses and hours completed during the reporting period.
Rule 9. Noncompliance.
The commission may grant an extension of time for completion of the requirements of this Rule, including the duty to self-report, to an individual who fails to meet the requirements and shows good cause for noncompliance. If the individual fails to comply within the extended time, the commission shall report the dereliction to the North Dakota Judicial Conduct Commission or the employee's supervisor for appropriate action against the individual.
Rule 10. Transitional Provisions.
On July 1, 1993, the Judicial Training Committee of the Judicial Conference is dissolved and the bylaws of the committee are superseded by this Rule.
Rule 11. Repeal.
Administrative Rule 30.1, Mandatory Continuing Judicial Education for Municipal Court Judges, is repealed by this Rule.
Rule 12. Effective Date.
This Rule, as further amended, is effective December
April 1, 20082018.
SOURCE: Adopted June 23, 1993, as an emergency rule effective July 1, 1993. Amendments adopted December 29, 1993, effective January 1, 1994. Emergency amendments adopted effective April 13, 1994 (repeal of AR 30.1 effective April 13, 1994); Amended effective April 1, 1998; Amended effective March 1, 2005; Amended effective August 1, 2005; Amended effective April 1, 2006 (Supreme Court No. 20060059); Amended effective April 1, 2008 (Supreme Court No. 20080067); Amended effective March 1, 2011 (Supreme Court No. 20110035); Amended effective December 1, 2018, with the Honorable Jerod E. Tufte voting no (Supreme Court No. 20180428)