Born February 5, 1930, at Cogswell, ND. Served U.S. Navy, 1951-54. Ph.B. and J.D. degrees from University of North Dakota, 1956-57. Law Clerk for Charles J. Vogel, U.S. Court of Appeals, 8th Circuit, 1957-58. Practiced law at Enderlin and Grand Forks, ND, 1958-63. Grand Forks County Judge, 1963-77. District Judge, 1977-2000. International speaker on legal issues for U.S. Information Agency, 1993. Retired as District Judge, December 31, 2000. Appointed Surrogate Judge, 2001. Married: wife Joan; three children.