RULE 38. STAY OF EXECUTION AND RELIEF PENDING REVIEW
Stay of execution Death Sentence. (1) Death. A The court must stay a death sentence of death shall be stayed pending the determination of any appeal or other review by an appropriate court of this state if the defendant appeals the conviction or sentence. (2) (b) Imprisonment. A sentence of imprisonment is stayed if an appeal is taken and the defendant If the defendant is released pending disposition of the appeal pursuant to under N.D.R.App.P. 9 (b), the court must stay a sentence of imprisonment. (3) (c) Fine. A sentence If the defendant appeals, the court may stay a sentence to pay a fine or a fine and costs , if an appeal is taken, may be stayed by the trial court upon such. The court may stay the sentence on any terms as the court considers proper. The trial court considered appropriate and may require the defendant pending appeal to:
the whole all or any part of the find fine and costs with the clerk , or ;
to give post a bond for to pay the payment thereof, fine and costs; or
to submit to an examination of concerning the defendant's assets , and it may make any , if appropriate, order the defendant to restrain the defendant refrain from dissipating assets. (4) (d) Probation. An order placing the defendant on If the defendant appeals, the court may stay a sentence of probation may be stayed if an appeal is taken. If the order is stayed the The court shall fix must set the terms of the any stay. (b) Reserved for future use. (c) Reserved for future use.
(e) Restitution and Notice to Victims.
(1) In General. If the defendant appeals, the court may stay, on any terms considered appropriate, any sentence providing for restitution or notice to victims.
(2) Ensuring Compliance. The court may issue any order reasonably necessary to ensure compliance with a restitution order or a notice order after disposition of an appeal, including:
(A) a restraining order;
(B) an injunction;
(C) an order requiring the defendant to deposit all or part of any monetary restitution into the district court's registry; or
(D) an order requiring the defendant to post a bond.
Rule 38 was amended, effective March 1, 1990; ______________.
Rule 38 is an adaptation of Fed.R.Crim.P. 38. The
Rule rule provides the court with the power to stay execution of sentence and permits the defendant to avoid imposition of sentence pending determination of the defendant's appeal. (See Corey v. United States, 375 U.S. 169, 172, 84 S. Ct. 298, 301, 11 L. Ed. 2d 229 (1963).) The Rule rule does not impinge on the authority of executive reprieve as provided in Article V, Section 76 7 of the State Constitution.
(1) is similar to its Federal federal counterpart. It continues existing law in providing that a sentence of death is automatically stayed by the taking of an appeal.
(a)(2) (b), (a)(3) (c), and (a)(4) (d) are substantially the same as in the Federal Rule federal rule. Provisions for change of place of confinement as set out in the Federal Rule federal rule was not included in this Rule rule since the geographical problems are not the same.
Rule 38 was amended, effective ______________, in response to the December 1, 2002, revision of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. The language and organization of the rule were changed to make the rule more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules.
(a)(3) (c) was amended, effective March 1, 1990. The amendment is technical in nature and no substantive change is intended.
Subdivision (e) was added, effective ______________, to provide for stay of a restitution or notice order. It is derived from Fed.R.Crim.P. 38(e).
SOURCES: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of _____________, pages _____; April 20, 1989, page 4; December 3, 1987, page 15; March 16-17, 1978, pages 16-17
.; Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of December 11-15, 1972, pages 25-29; July 10-11, 1969, page 7; May 15-16, 1969, pages 15-20; Fed.R.Crim.P. 38 ; Wright, Federal Practice and Procedure: Criminal, § § 631-635; 8A Moore's Federal Practice, Chapter 38 (Cipes, 2d Ed. 1971); Barron, Federal Practice and Procedure: Criminal, §§ 2351-2355 (1951); A.B.A. Standards for Criminal Justice, Standards Relating to Post-Conviction Remedies, § 4.3 (Approved Draft, 1968).
SUPERSEDED: N.D.C.C. §§ 29-28-09, 29-28-13, 29-28-14, 29-28-15, 29-28-16, 29-28-17.
CONSIDERED: N.D.C.C. §§ 12-50-06, 29-28-12.
CROSS REFERENCE: N.D.R.Crim.P. 37 (Appeal as of Right to District Court; How Taken); N.D.R.Crim.P. 46 (Release from Custody); N.D.R.App.P. 8 (Stay or Injunction Pending Appeal); N.D.R.App.P. 9 (Release in Criminal Cases).