AR 13. JUDICIAL REFEREES
Section 1. Authority. The 1985 Legislative Assembly provided for the appointment of judicial referees
pursuant tounder House Bill 1586. Pursuant toUnder Article VI, Section 3, North Dakota Constitution and Section 27-05-30 NDCC, the Supreme Court hereby adopts the following administrative rule relating to judicial referees.
Section 2. Statement of Policy. It is the policy of the North Dakota Judicial System to provide for the qualifications, the extent and assignment of authority, procedure and the conduct of the role of judicial referees within the North Dakota Judicial System in each judicial district.
Section 3. Qualifications of Judicial Referees. Minimum qualifications for judicial referees
(a) United States citizenship;
(b) physical residence in the judicial district of the appointment after appointment unless physical residence is waived by the presiding judge of the judicial district; and
(c) a license to practice law in the state of North Dakota; or a juvenile supervisor/referee meeting the requirements of Section 27-20-06(i) NDCC.
Section 4. Appointment. The presiding judge, on behalf of all of the district court judges of the judicial district, shall execute in writing the appointment of all judicial referees, to serve at the pleasure of the district court judges of the judicial district. Judicial referees shall be compensated
pursuant tounder the personnel system of the North Dakota Judicial System.
Section 5. Scope of Delegable Duties.
(a) A presiding judge, after consultation with the district court judges of the judicial district, may authorize a judicial referee to preside in any individual or class of proceedings
1. Title 14 NDCC, except contested divorce trials;
2. Chapter 27-20 NDCC; and
3. Chapter 28-25 NDCC.
(b) A judicial referee has such other authority of a district court judge as is necessary to carry out the delegated duties, including the issuance of orders to show cause, temporary restraining orders, temporary injunctions, and the power to impose remedial sanctions for contempt of court.
(c) The order issued under Subsection (a) of this section
shallmust be reduced to writing and signed by the presiding judge of the judicial district. The order shallmust be filed with the clerk of district court offor each county ofwithin the judicial district. The presiding judge shall send a copy of this document to the State Court Administrator. A copy shallmust be made available to any party upon request.
(d) Within the limits set forth in the written order of the presiding judge, district court judges may refer individual cases or classes of cases to a judicial referee by written order.
(e) After July 1, 1987, a judicial referee who hears matters
pursuant tounder Chapter 27-20 NDCC shallmay not exercise supervision of personnel who supervise juveniles.
Section 6. Geographical Jurisdiction. Each judicial referee shall have jurisdiction only within the judicial district of appointment and is expected to maintain an office as assigned by the presiding judge of the judicial district. A judicial referee may be appointed to temporary duty in another judicial district by the presiding judge of the judicial district, with the consent of the presiding judge of the receiving judicial district or by the chief justice
pursuant tounder Article VI, Section 3, North Dakota Constitution.
Section 7. Proceedings on the Record. Proceedings
shallmust be heard on the record.
Section 8. Removal from Referee. Any party to a proceeding before a judicial referee is entitled to have the matter heard by a district court judge, if written request therefor is filed by the party within three days after service of either initiating documents or other notice which
shallmust inform them of this right.
Section 9. Standard of Conduct. The Rules of Judicial Conduct
shallmust be observed by each judicial referee.
Section 10. Recommendations.
(a) The findings and recommendations of the judicial referee
are deemed tohave the effect of an order of the district court until superseded by a written order of a district court judge.
(b) Upon the conclusion of a hearing before a judicial referee, the judicial referee shall promptly transmit written findings and recommendations for disposition to the judge. Written notice and copies of the findings and recommendations together with written notice of the right of review
shallmust be promptly given to the parties.
(c) In the absence of a review
pursuant tounder Section 11, a district court judge shall confirm, modify, or reject the findings and recommendations of the judicial referee in a written order of the court.
Section 11. Procedure for Review.
(a) A review of the findings and recommendations may be ordered at any time by a district court judge and
shallmust be ordered if a party files a written request for a review within three days after receiving the notice in Section 10(b). The request for review shallmust state the reasons for the review.
(b) The review by a district court judge
shallmust be a review of the record, unless the court orders a hearing of the proceeding.
SOURCE: Joint Procedure Committee Meeting Minutes of ______________________; April 29-30, 1993, pages 2-3; Court Services Administration Committee Meeting Minutes of May 17, 1985, pages 2-4. Family Caselaw Referee Study Subcommittee of Court Services Administration Committee Meeting Minutes of April 19, 1985, pages 3-8; March 15, 1985, pages 1-6; February 22, 1985, pages 1-9; January 11, 1985, pages 2-8; and December 17, 1984, page 5, North Dakota Constitution, Article VI, Section 3; and Section 27-05-30 NDCC.