Permissive joinder Persons Who May Join or Be Joined.
All persons Persons may join in one action
as plaintiffs if:
(A) they assert any right to relief jointly, severally, or in the alternative
in with respect of
to or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or
if any question of law or fact common to all these
persons plaintiffs will arise in the
All persons Persons may be joined in
one action as defendants if:
there any right to relief is asserted against them
jointly, severally, or in the alternative ,
any right to relief in with respect of to or arising out
of the same transaction, occurrence, or
series of transactions or occurrences; and
if any question of law or fact common to all defendants will
arise in the action.
(3) Extent of Relief.
A Neither a plaintiff
or nor a defendant need not be interested in
obtaining or defending against all the relief demanded. Judgment may be given
for The court
may grant judgment to one or more of the plaintiffs according to their
respective rights to
relief, and against one or more defendants according to their respective
Separate trials Protective Measures.The court may
make such issue orders, including
an order for separate trials, as will prevent to protect a party
from being embarrassed,
delayed, or put to against embarrassment, delay, expense by the
inclusion of a party, or other
prejudice that arises from including a person against whom the offended
party asserts no
claim and who asserts no claim against the offended party , and may
order separate trials or
make other orders to prevent delay or prejudice, and may direct a final judgment upon a
claim of or against one or more parties in accordance with the provisions of Rule 54(b).
Rule 20 was amended, effective__________.
This rule is derived from
Rule Fed.R.Civ.P. 20 , FRCivP,
except for the deletion of a
reference to admiralty process in subdivision (a) and the addition to subdivision (b)
authorizing the court to direct a final judgment under Rule 54(b).
Rule 20 was amended, effective _______________, in response to the December 1, 2007, revision of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The language and organization of the rule were changed to make the rule more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules.
Subdivision (b) was amended, effective March 1, 1990. The amendment is technical in nature and no substantive change is intended.
Sources: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of April 24-25, 2008, page 29; April
1989, page 2; December 3, 1987, page 11; September 20-21, 1979, page 13;
Fed.R.Civ.P. 20 , FRCivP.
Superseded: N.D.R.C. 1943 §§ 28-0205, 28-0206, 28-0207, 28-0210,
Rules N.D.R.Civ.P. 18 (Joinder of Claims and
19 (Joinder of Persons Needed for Just Adjudication); N.D.R.Civ.P. 21 (Misjoinder and
Non-joinder of Parties), N.D.R.Civ.P. 42 (Consolidation - Separate Trials), and
N.D.R.Civ.P. 54 (Judgment - Costs) , N.D.R.Civ.P.