RULE 45. COMPUTING AND EXTENDING TIME
(a) Computing Time. The following rules apply in computing any time period
specified in these rules, in any local rule , or any court
order, or in any statute that does not
specify a method of computing time:
(1) Period Stated in Days or a Longer Unit. When the period is stated in days or a longer unit of time:
(1)(A) Exclude exclude the day of the
act, event , or default that begins
triggers the period;
(2)(B) Exclusion from Brief Periods. Exclude
count every day, including intermediate
Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays when the period is less than 11 days;
(3)(C) Last Day. Include include the
last day of the period, but if the last day unless it is a
Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, or day on which weather or other conditions
clerk's office inaccessible. When the last day is excluded, the period
runs continues to run
until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday or
day when the
clerk's office is inaccessible.
(2) Period Stated in Hours. When the period is stated in hours:
(A) begin counting immediately on the occurrence of the event that triggers the period;
(B) count every hour, including hours during intermediate Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays; and
(C) if the period would end on a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, the period continues to run until the same time on the next day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
(3) Inaccessibility of the Clerk's Office. Unless the court orders otherwise, if the clerk's office is inaccessible:
(A) on the last day for filing under Rule 45(a)(1), then the time for filing is extended to the first accessible day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday; or
(B) during the last hour for filing under Rule 45(a)(2), then the time for filing is extended to the same time on the first accessible day that is not a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday.
(4) "Last Day" Defined. Unless a different time is set by a statute, local rule, or court order, the last day ends:
(A) for electronic filing, at midnight in the court's time zone; and
(B) for filing by other means, when the clerk's office is scheduled to close.
(5) "Next Day" Defined. The "next day" is determined by continuing to count forward when the period is measured after an event and backward when measured before an event.
(4) Facsimile Service. Service by facsimile transmission must be completed by 5:00
receiver's time, on a weekday that is not a legal holiday, or service is considered made on the
following weekday that is not a legal holiday.
(5)(6) "Legal Holiday" Defined. As used in this rule, "legal
(A) a specific day set aside as a holiday under N.D.C.C. § 1-03-01; or
other day declared a public holiday by the President of the United
States or the
governor Governor of this state North
(b) Extending Time.
(1) In General. When an act must or may be done within a specified time, the court on its own may extend the time, or for good cause may do so on a party's motion made:
(A) before the originally prescribed period or previously extended time expires; or
(B) after the time expires if the party failed to act because of excusable neglect.
(2) Exceptions. The court may not extend the time for taking any action under Rules 35 and 37, except as stated in those rules.
(c) Additional Time After Service Made Electronically, by Mail or by
Whenever a party must or may act within a prescribed period after service and service is
made electronically, by mail or by third-party commercial carrier, three days are
the prescribed period would otherwise expire under Rule 45(a).
Service by facsimile
transmission is not service by mail or third-party commercial carrier. For purposes
computation of time, any document electronically served must be treated as if it were mailed
on the date of transmission.
Rule 45 was amended, effective March 1, 1990; January 1, 1995; March 1, 1999; March 1, 2001; March 1, 2006; March 1, 2007; ________________.
Rule 45 is an adaptation of Fed.R.Crim.P. 45 with certain modifications. The rule is similar to N.D.R.Civ.P. 6, which also deals with computing time.
Rule 45 was amended, effective March 1, 2006, in response to the December 1, 2002, revision of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure. The language and organization of the rule were changed to make the rule more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules.
A subdivision referring to terms of court was deleted, effective March 1, 2006. The district courts of North Dakota are in continuous session and terms of court are not a factor in computing or extending time. At the same time, and consistent with the federal rule, a subdivision dealing with motions and affidavits was transferred to Rule 47.
Subdivision (a) was amended, effective March 1, 2001, to extend the period from 7
to 11 days when intermediate Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays are excluded from time
Subdivision (a) was amended, effective March 1, 2006, to include a paragraph defining the term "legal holiday".
Subdivision (a) was amended, effective _______________, to simplify and clarify the provisions that describe how deadlines are computed. Under the previous rule, intermediate weekends and holidays were omitted when computing short periods but included when computing longer periods. Under the amended rule, intermediate weekends and holidays are counted regardless of the length of the specified period.
Subdivision (b) was amended, effective March 1, 2007, to delete Rules 29, 33 and 34 from the exceptions paragraph.
Subdivision (c) is an adaptation of N.D.R.Civ.P. 6(e).
Subdivision (c) was amended, effective March 1, 1999, to make the three-day extension for service by mail applicable when service is via commercial carrier. The proof of service must contain the date of mailing or deposit with the commercial carrier as required by Rule 49(e) and N.D.R.Civ.P. 4(k) and 5(f). Subdivision (c) was amended, effective ______________, to make the three-day extension applicable when service is made electronically.
Subdivisions (a) and (c) were amended, effective January 1, 1995, to clarify time computations when making service by facsimile transmission.
Sources: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of April 29-30, 2010, pages 24-25; April 27-28, 2006, pages 6-7; January 26, 2006, page 11; January 27-28, 2005, page 37; January 27-28, 2000, pages 16-17; January 29-30, 1998, page 20; April 28-29, 1994, pages 15-16; January 27-28, 1994, pages 24-25; September 23-24, 1993, pages 14-16 and 20; April 29-30, 1993, pages 20-22; April 20, 1989, page 4; December 3, 1987, page 15; June 22, 1984, page 31; December 11-15, 1972, pages 48-50; September 17-19, 1970, page 10; March 12-14, 1970, pages 16-18; Fed.R.Crim.P. 45.
Superseded Insofar as Criminal Process: N.D.C.C. § 1-02-15.
Considered: N.D.C.C. §§ 1-01-33, 1-03-01(2-14).
Cross Reference: N.D.R.Crim.P. 29 (Motion for a Judgment of Acquittal); N.D.R.Crim.P. 33 (New Trial); N.D.R.Crim.P. 34 (Arresting Judgment); N.D.R.Crim.P. 35 (Correcting or Reducing a Sentence); N.D.R.Crim.P. 37 (Appeal as of Right to District Court; How Taken); N.D.R.Crim.P. 47 (Motions); N.D.R.Civ.P. 4 (Persons Subject to Jurisdiction--Process--Service); N.D.R.Civ.P. 5 (Service and Filing of Pleadings and Other Papers); N.D.R.Civ.P. 6 (Time); N.D.R.App.P. 26 (Computing and Extending Time).