Introductory Note

These rules are intended as a guide for Supreme Court and Court of Appeals opinions and could be used as a guide for attorneys submitting briefs to North Dakota state courts. Attorneys submitting briefs outside of this state or to the federal courts should ensure they are following that jurisdiction's rules, specifically the rule on parallel citations. More specific citation problems, or unanswered problems, should be solved based upon the Bluebook.

The following citation rules are primarily adopted from the Bluebook. Source materials authored by the American Bar Association, the American Association of Law Librarians, and the Wisconsin and South Dakota Supreme Courts were also used.