RULE 5.1. PRELIMINARY EXAMINATION
(a) Probable Cause Finding. If the magistrate finds
it appears from the evidence there is probable cause to believe an offense has been committed and the defendant committed the offense, an arraignment must be scheduled. The finding of probable cause may be based upon on hearsay evidence in whole or in part. The defendant may cross-examine adverse witnesses and may introduce evidence. The magistrate may receive evidence that would be inadmissible at the trial.
(b) Discharge of the Defendant. If the magistrate hears
After hearing the evidence on behalf of the respective parties , in a preliminary examination, if it appears and finds either a public offense has not been committed , or there is not sufficient cause to believe the defendant guilty of the offense, the magistrate shall must discharge order the defendant to be discharged.
(c) Record. The preliminary examination must be recorded. A recording of the proceeding may be made available to any party on request. A copy of the recording and a transcript may be provided to any party on request.
A verbatim record of the proceedings in the preliminary hearing must be made under the direction of the magistrate if a request for a record is made by either the State or the defendant. Upon request of either party, a copy of the transcript of the record of proceedings must be furnished to the defendant and to the State. If a transcript is requested by the defendant requests a transcript, the state must bear the cost of the transcript and related costs must be borne by the state if the magistrate finds the defendant is financially unable to pay for the transcript without undue hardship.
Rule 5.1 was amended, effective February 12, 1982 on an emergency basis; May 20, 1982, March 1, 1990; January 1, 1995; March 1, 1998; __________.
The function of the preliminary examination is to determine whether there is probable cause to hold the accused for further action.
Rule 5.1 was amended, effective January 1, 1995, to conform with the structure of the state judiciary and the elimination of county courts.
Rule 5.1 was amended, effective ________. The language and organization of the rule were changed to make the rule more easily understandable and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules.
SOURCES: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of ________________ pages ____; January 30, 1997, page 12; January 27-28, 1994, pages 5-8 September 23-24, 1993, pages 3-4 and 7-8; April 20, 1989, page 4; December 3, 1987, page 15; March 23-25, 1972, pages 3, 13-15; November 20-21, 1969, pages 8-9, 17-19; May 3-4, 1968, page 2.
SUPERSEDED: N.D.C.C. §§ 29-07-11, 29-07-12, 29-07-15, 29-07-16, 29-07-17, 29-07-18, 29-07-19, 29-07-20, 29-07-21, 29-07-22, 29-07-23, 29-07-24, 29-07-25, 29-07-26, 29-07-27, 29-07-28, 29-07-29, 29-07-30, 29-07-31, 29-07-32.
CONSIDERED: N.D.C.C. §§ 29-07-01.1, 29-07-13, 29-07-14.
CROSS REFERENCES: N.D.R.Crim.P. 5.--Initial Appearance Before the Magistrate; N.D.R.Crim.P. 10,--Arraignment; N.D.R.Crim.P. 12.--Pleadings and Motions Before Trial; Defenses and Objections.