N.D.R.Civ.P.RULE 20. PERMISSIVE JOINDER OF PARTIES (a)
Permissive joinder Persons Who May Join or Be Joined.
All persons Persons may join in one action as plaintiffs if:
(A) they assert any right to relief jointly, severally, or in the alternative
in with respect of to or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences; and
if any question of law or fact common to all these persons plaintiffs will arise in the action.
All persons Persons may be joined in one action as defendants if:
there any right to relief is asserted against them jointly, severally, or in the alternative , any right to relief in with respect of to or arising out of the same transaction, occurrence, or series of transactions or occurrences; and
if any question of law or fact common to all defendants will arise in the action.
(3) Extent of Relief.
A Neither a plaintiff or nor a defendant need not be interested in obtaining or defending against all the relief demanded. Judgment may be given for The court may grant judgment to one or more of the plaintiffs according to their respective rights to relief, and against one or more defendants according to their respective liabilities.
Separate trials Protective Measures.The court may make such issue orders, including an order for separate trials, as will prevent to protect a party from being embarrassed, delayed, or put to against embarrassment, delay, expense by the inclusion of a party, or other prejudice that arises from including a person against whom the offended party asserts no claim and who asserts no claim against the offended party , and may order separate trials or make other orders to prevent delay or prejudice, and may direct a final judgment upon a claim of or against one or more parties in accordance with the provisions of Rule 54(b).
Rule 20 was amended, effective__________.
This rule is derived from
Rule Fed.R.Civ.P. 20 , FRCivP, except for the deletion of a reference to admiralty process in subdivision (a) and the addition to subdivision (b) authorizing the court to direct a final judgment under Rule 54(b).
Rule 19 was amended, effective _______________, in response to the December 1, 2007, revision of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. The language and organization of the rule were changed to make the rule more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules.
Subdivision (b) was amended, effective March 1, 1990. The amendment is technical in nature and no substantive change is intended.
Sources: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of _____________; April 20, 1989, page 2; December 3, 1987, page 11; September 20-21, 1979, page 13;
Rule Fed.R.Civ.P. 20 , FRCivP. Statutes Affected: Superseded: N.D.R.C. 1943 §§ 28-0205, 28-0206, 28-0207, 28-0210, 28-1213, 29-2003(1).
Rules N.D.R.Civ.P. 18 (Joinder of Claims and Remedies), N.D.R.Civ.P. 19 (Joinder of Persons Needed for Just Adjudication); N.D.R.Civ.P. 21 (Misjoinder and Non-joinder of Parties), N.D.R.Civ.P. 42 (Consolidation - Separate Trials), and N.D.R.Civ.P. 54 (Judgment - Costs) , N.D.R.Civ.P.