TO: Joint Procedure Committee
FROM: Andy Forward
DATE: September 10, 2009
RE: Rule 11, N.D.R.Civ.P., Signing Pleadings, Motions, and Other Papers; Representations to the Court; Sanctions
Staff has prepared amendments to Rule 11 based on the federal form and style amendments. The amendments are intended make the rule more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules. The amendments also aim to modernize the rule, removing references to obsolete authority and practices.
Subdivision (e) was added, effective March 1, 2009, to facilitate unbundled legal services.
The proposed amendments to Rule 11 are attached along with a copy of the amendments to the federal rule.