RULE 14. IDENTITY PROTECTION
(a) Form of Confidential References. In appellate briefs, at oral argument and in opinions, the following individuals may not be referred to by name but may be referred to by the individual's initials:
(1) the respondent in a mental health proceeding;
(2) the respondent and members of the respondent's family in a conservatorship or guardianship proceeding;
(3) the respondent in a juvenile proceeding;
(4) the child and parents in a proceeding to terminate parental rights;
(5) a minor child
in a divorce, child custody, or child support case;
(6) a victim or alleged victim of a sexual offense.
(b) Modification of Electronic Opinions. Upon request, if the name of an individual eligible for protection under subdivision (a) appears in the electronic version of a specific appellate opinion, it must be replaced by the individual's initials and the opinion annotated with the words "Modified under N.D.R.App.P. 14."
Rule 14 was adopted effective March 1, 2008; amended effective March 1, 2009.
This rule is not intended to create a separate cause of action.
Paragraph (a)(5) was amended effective March 1, 2009, to require all references to minor children in appellate material to be by the individual child's initials.
Sources: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of April 26-27, 2007, pages 28-29.
Considered: N.D.C.C. §§ 12.1-34-02, 12.1-35-03, 14-15-16, 14-20-54, 25-03.1-43, 27-20-51.