RULE 12.1 DEPOSITIONS
1 (a) Agreement of Parties. Upon agreement of the parties, a deposition may
2 be taken on oral examination.
3 (b) Order of Court. Following the initial appearance, any party may move
4 the court to order the testimony of any other person or party be taken by deposition
5 on oral examination, if:
6 (1) there is a reasonable probability that the witness will be unable to be
7 present or to testify at the hearing because of the witness' existing physical or
8 mental illness, infirmity, or death;
9 (2) the party taking the deposition cannot procure the attendance of the
10 witness at a hearing by a subpoena, order of the court, or other reasonable means;
12 (3) on a showing that the information sought cannot be obtained by other
14 (c) Subpoena. Attendance of witnesses at oral deposition may be compelled
15 by subpoena as provided by Rule 13. Attendance of parties at oral deposition must
16 be ordered by the court when the court grants a motion under subdivision (b) and
17 must be procured through service of the order and a notice of the time and place of
18 the taking of the deposition on the party.
19 (d) Notice, Oath and Record.
20 (1) Notice. A party taking a deposition must give reasonable notice in
21 writing to each party to the action. The notice must state the time and place for
22 taking the deposition and the name and address of each person to be examined, if
23 known, and, if the name is not known, a general description sufficient to identify
24 the person or the particular class or group to which the person belongs.
25 (2) Oath and Record. The officer before whom the deposition is to be taken
26 must put the witness on oath and personally, or by someone acting under the
27 officer's direction and in the officer's presence, must record the testimony of the
28 witness. The testimony must be taken stenographically or recorded by audio-visual
29 means or any other means ordered. If requested by one of the parties, the testimony
30 must be transcribed. The court may order the cost of transcription paid by one or
31 some of, or apportioned among, the parties.
32 (e) Scope and Manner of Examination; Objections; Motion to Terminate or
Consent Required Participation.
35 (A) In no event shall the deposition of a child who is charged with an
36 offense be taken without the child's consent.
37 (B) A victim may refuse to participate in a deposition requested by a
38 respondent or a respondent's attorney.
39 (2) Scope and Manner of Taking. The scope and manner of examination
40 and cross examination in the taking of a deposition to be used at the hearing must
41 be the same as that allowed at the hearing.
42 (3) Objections. All objections made at the time of the examination to the
43 qualifications of the person taking the deposition, or to the manner of taking it, or
44 to the evidence presented or to the conduct of any person present at the depositions
45 and any other objection to the proceedings must be recorded by the officer before
46 whom the deposition is taken. Evidence objected to must be taken subject to the
47 objections unless the objection is based on the witness's use of the Fifth
49 (4) Motion to Terminate or Limit Examination. At any time during the
50 taking of the deposition, on motion of a party or of the deponent and upon a
51 showing that the examination is being conducted in bad faith or in such manner as
52 unreasonably to annoy, embarrass, or oppress the deponent or party, the court in
53 which the action is pending or the court in the district where the deposition is
54 being taken may order the officer conducting the examination to cease from taking
55 the deposition, or may limit the scope and manner of the taking of the deposition
56 by ordering as follows:
57 (A) that certain matters not be inquired into or that the scope of examination
58 be limited to certain matters, or
59 (B) that the examination be conducted with no one present except persons
60 designated by the court.
61 (f) Transcription, Certification and Filing. When the testimony is fully
62 transcribed, the officer must certify on the deposition the witness was duly sworn
63 and the deposition is a true record of the testimony given by the witness. Unless
64 otherwise ordered by the court, the officer must securely seal the deposition in an
65 envelope endorsed with the title of the case and marked "Deposition of (here insert
66 name of witness)" and must promptly deliver or send the transcript by registered or
67 certified mail or a traceable third-party commercial delivery service to the party
68 noticing the deposition, who must be identified on the record. Upon the request of
69 a party, documents and other things produced during the examination of a witness,
70 or copies thereof, must be marked for identification and annexed as exhibits to the
71 deposition, and may be inspected and copied by any party. The exhibits may then
72 be used in the same manner as if annexed to the deposition.
73 (g) Failure to Appear. If a party giving notice of the taking of a deposition
74 fails to attend and proceed therewith and another party attends in person or by
75 attorney pursuant to the notice, the court may order the party giving the notice to
76 pay to the other party the reasonable expenses incurred by that party and that
77 party's attorney in attending, including reasonable attorney's fees.
78 EXPLANATORY NOTE
79 Rule 12.1 was adopted effective March 1, 2010. Amended
80 effective May 1, 2017.
81 Paragraph (e)(1) was amended, effective May 1, 2017, to provide
82 that a victim may refuse to participate in a deposition requested by a respondent or
83 a respondent's attorney. This right is granted by N.D. Const. Art. I, § 25(1)(f).
84 "Victim" is defined in N.D. Const. Art. I, § 25(4).
85 SOURCES: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of January 26-27, 2017,
86 pages 15-16; Minn. R. Juv. Prot. P. 17.04(b), Minn. R. Juv. Del. P. 10.07,
87 N.D.R.Civ.P. 30.
88 STATUTES AFFECTED:
89 CONSIDERED: N.D. Const. Art. I, § 25.