RULE 31. FILING AND SERVICE OF BRIEFS
(a) Time for Serving and Filing Briefs; Where Filed. The appellant shall serve and file appellant's brief within 40 days after the date on which the transcript is filed but, if no transcript is ordered, within 40 days after the notice of appeal is filed. The appellee shall serve and file appellee's brief within 30 days after service of the brief of the appellant. The appellant may serve and file a reply brief within 14 days after service of the brief of the appellee; however, if there is less than 14 days before oral argument the reply brief must be filed at least 3 days before argument. All briefs must be filed with the clerk of the supreme court.
(b) Number of Copies to Be Filed and Served.
(1) Each brief must be served and filed as follows:
(A) One copy of each brief must be served on counsel for each party separately represented.
(B) Seven bound copies and an unbound original of each brief must be filed with the clerk of the supreme court.
(C) One electronic copy of each brief must be filed with the clerk of the supreme court on a 3.5 inch diskette, or electronically transmitted to the clerk of the supreme court, unless the filing party certifies the brief was not prepared on a computer or word processor. All electronic copies of briefs shall contain in a single file all information contained in the paper brief, including cover, table of contents, and certifications, in the same order as in the paper brief.
(2) The diskette must be formatted in WordPerfect; or, if WordPerfect is not available, Microsoft Word; or, if Microsoft Word is not available, ASCII; or other compatible electronic language. The diskette must contain a label indicating:
(A) the title and docket number of the case;
(B) the name of the document contained on the diskette; and
(C) the language format of the document.
(c) Consequence of Failure to File Briefs. If an appellant fails to file a brief within the time provided by this rule, or within the time as extended, an appellee may move for dismissal of the appeal. If an appellee fails to file an appropriate brief, sanctions may be imposed under Rule 13 which may include refusal to be heard at oral argument.
Rule 31 was amended, effective January 1, 1988; March 1, 1997; March 1, 1999; March 1, 2001.
SOURCES: Joint Procedure Committee Minutes of September 28-29, 1995, page 12; May 21-22, 1987, page 17; February 19-20, 1987, page 8; September 18-19, 1986, pages 2, 20; May 25-26, 1978, page 17; October 27-28, 1977, pages 6-7; September 15-16, 1977, pages 13-14. F.R.App.P.. 31.
CROSS REFERENCE: N.D.R.App.P. 26(b) (Enlargement of Time), N.D.R.App.P. 28 (Contents of Briefs; Briefs Involving Cross-Appeals), N.D.R.App.P. 30 (Appendix), and N.D.R.App.P. 32 (Form of Briefs).