If the court determines that an appeal is frivolous, or that any party has been dilatory in prosecuting the appeal, it may award just damages and single or double costs, including reasonable attorney's fees.
Rule 38 was amended, effective March 1, 2003
This rule is derived from Fed.R.App.P. 38. It is clear under the North Dakota rule that damages may be assessed against any party to an appeal.
Rule 38 relates to an initial determination by the supreme court. In contrast, N.D.C.C. § 28-26-01, regarding "frivolous" pleadings, and N.D.C.C. § 28-26-31, regarding "untrue" pleadings made "without reasonable cause and not in good faith," involve determinations that are to be made initially by the district court.
Rule 38 was amended, effective March 1, 2003. The title of the rule was changed to track the title to Fed.R.App.P. 38 and to more completely describe the content of the rule.
SUPERSEDED: N.D.C.C. § 28-26-02(4).