North Dakota Standards for Imposing Lawyer Sanctions

A. Purpose and Nature of Sanctions

1.0 Lawyer Discipline Generally
1.1 Purpose of Lawyer Discipline Proceedings
1.2 Public Nature of Lawyer Discipline
1.3 Purpose of These Standards

B. Sanctions

2.0 Scope
2.1 Disbarment
2.2 Suspension
2.3 Interim Suspension
2.4 Reprimand
2.5 Admonition 
2.6 Probation 
2.7 Other Sanctions and Remedies 
2.8 Reciprocal Discipline 
2.9 Readmission and Reinstatement

C. Factors to be Considered in Imposing Sanctions

3.0 Generally
4.0 Violations of Duties Owed to Clients
4.1 Failure to Preserve the Client's Property
4.11 Disbarment
4.12 Suspension 
4.13 Reprimand
4.14 Admonition
4.2 Failure to Preserve the Client's Confidences 
4.21 Disbarment 
4.22 Suspension 
4.23 Reprimand 
4.24 Admonition 
4.3 Failure to Avoid Conflicts of Interest 
4.31 Disbarment 
4.32 Suspension 
4.33 Reprimand 
4.34 Admonition 
4.4 Lack of Diligence
4.41 Disbarment
4.42 Suspension 
4.43 Reprimand 
4.44 Admonition 
4.5 Lack of Competence 
4.51 Disbarment
4.52 Suspension 
4.53 Reprimand 
4.54 Admonition 
4.6 Lack of Candor
4.61 Disbarment 
4.62 Suspension 
4.63 Reprimand 
4.64 Admonition

5.0 Violations of Duties Owed to the Public 

5.1 Failure to Maintain Personal Integrity
5.11 Disbarment 
5.12 Suspension 
5.13 Reprimand 
5.14 Admonition
5.2 Failure to Maintain the Public Trust 
5.21 Disbarment 
5.22 Suspension 
5.23 Reprimand 
5.24 Admonition

6.0 Violations of Duties Owed to the Legal System

6.1 False Statements, Fraud, and Misrepresentation 
6.11 Disbarment
6.12 Suspension 
6.13 Reprimand 
6.14 Admonition
6.2 Abuse of the Legal Process 
6.21 Disbarment 
6.22 Suspension 
6.23 Reprimand 
6.24 Admonition 
6.3 Improper Communications with Individuals in the Legal System 
6.31 Disbarment 
6.32 Suspension 
6.33 Reprimand 
6.34 Admonition
7.0 Violations of Duties Owed to the Profession 
7.1 Disbarment
7.2 Suspension 
7.3 Reprimand
7.4 Admonition
8.0 Prior Discipline Orders 
8.1 Disbarment 
8.2 Suspension 
8.3 Reprimand 
8.4 Admonition
9.0 Aggravation and Mitigation 
9.1 Generally
9.2 Aggravation 
9.21 Definition 
9.22 Factors to be Considered in Aggravation
9.3 Mitigation
9.31 Definition 
9.32 Factors to be Considered in Mitigation 
9.4 Factors Which are Neither Aggravating Nor Mitigating

Title and Citation

[Interpretation]

[Effective dates]