State v. Mitzel
- State of North Dakota, Plaintiff and Appellee
Ryan C. Mitzel, Defendant and Appellant
- Case Type
- CRIMINAL APPEAL : DRUGS/CONTRABAND
- Appeal From
Case No. 03-K-01328
South Central Judicial District, Burleigh County
Benny A. Graff
The existence of consent and whether it is voluntary is a question of fact to be determined from the totality of the circumstances.
Consent cannot reasonably be implied from silence and failure to object.
Consent should not be lightly inferred, must be proven by clear and positive testimony, and must be unequivocal.
The government has the burden to prove that consent was voluntarily given.
The mere fact that a person has been arrested in violation of his constitutional rights casts grave doubt upon the voluntariness of a subsequent consent.
Miranda warnings are a factor to consider under the voluntariness test, but a Miranda warning cannot support voluntariness of consent when it is given after the consent.
|APPELLEE||ASST. STATE'S ATTORNEY||Cynthia Mae Feland - 04804|
(Note: Attachments may not be available for recently filed cases and/or confidential documents.)
|Seq. #||Filing Date||Description||Attachment|
|1||12/15/2003||NOTICE OF APPEAL : 11/17/2003|
|2||12/15/2003||ORDER FOR TRANSCRIPT : 11/17/2003|
|3||01/06/2004||TRANSCRIPT DATED 8-13-03|
|4||01/07/2004||DISK (e-filed) - TR1 (TRA dated 8-13-03)|
|5||01/16/2004||TRANSCRIPT DATED July 8, 2003|
|6||01/16/2004||DISK - tra (7-8-03)|
|7||01/16/2004||RECORD ON APPEAL Not forwarded with the record were Nos. 48 (Ct. Rep. Notes) and|
|8||01/16/2004||44 (Register of Actions)|
|9||02/06/2004||Certificate of Service of July 8,2003 TRA|
|12||02/24/2004||DISK of ATB|
|13||03/16/2004||MOT. EXT/TIME APPELLEE BRIEF|
|14||03/16/2004||ACTION BY CLERK - Granted : 04/07/2004|
|16||04/02/2004||DISK - AEB|
|17||05/10/2004||APPEARANCES: Tom P. Slorby, Eric P. Baumann; Cynthia M. Feland|
|18||05/10/2004||ARGUED: Slorby, Baumann; Feland (Vol. Y; Page 236)|
|19||05/10/2004||ORAL ARGUMENT WEBCAST|
|21||08/04/2004||SPLIT OPINION : Sandstrom, Dale V.||View|
|22||08/04/2004||Dissent : VandeWalle, Gerald W.|
|23||08/04/2004||Joined in the Dissent : Maring, Mary Muehlen|
|24||08/05/2004||Judgment Mailed to Parties|
|26||12/08/2004||Corrected Opinion Page 7|
|27||09/10/2004||RECEIPT SIGNED BY DISTRICT COURT CLERK'S OFFICE|
|28||05/20/2011||EXPUNGED - Nonpermanent record items destroyed|