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Northwest Landowners Association v. State, et al.

Docket No. 20210148
Oral Argument: Thursday, March 24, 2022 2:45 PM

Docket Info

Title
Northwest Landowners Association, Plaintiff and Appellee
v.
State of North Dakota, North Dakota
Industrial Commission, Hon. Douglas
Burgum in his official capacity as
Governor of the State of North
Dakota, and Hon. Drew H. Wrigley
in his official capacity as
Attorney General of North Dakota, Defendants and Appellants
and
Board of University and School Lands
of the State of North Dakota, Defendant
and
Continental Resources, Inc., Intervenor-Defendant and Appellant
Case Type
CIVIL APPEAL : CONSTITUTIONAL LAW
Appeal From
Case No. 2019-CV-00085
Northeast Judicial District, Bottineau County
Anthony Swain Benson
2022 ND 150978 N.W.2d 679
Oral Argument 3/24/2022

Highlight

To resolve a facial challenge, we need only interpret the challenged legislation and the relevant constitutional provisions to determine whether there is a conflict.

North Dakota law has long established that surface owners have a property interest in pore space.

Surface owners have a right to compensation for the use of their pore space for disposal and storage operations.

Government-authorized physical invasions of property constitute the “clearest sort of taking” and therefore are a per se taking.

A statute that strips surface owners of their right to possess, use, and exclude others from pore space within their lands and assigns that right to oil and gas operators without surface owners’ consent or compensation is a per se taking.

It is a fundamental principle that a statute may be constitutional in one part and unconstitutional in another part and that if the valid part is severable from the rest, the portion which is constitutional may stand.

42 U.S.C. § 1988 authorizes attorney’s fees to a prevailing challenger of a federal constitutional claim in state court against the state or a state official sued in his or her official capacity regardless of whether §§ 1983 and 1988 are expressly pled in the complaint.


Briefs

Filing Date Description
11/08/2021 APPELLANT BRIEF & ADDENDUM - STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA View
11/08/2021 APPELLANT BRIEF & ADDENDUM - CONTINENTAL RESOURCES View
01/21/2022 APPELLEE BRIEF View
02/10/2022 REPLY BRIEF & ADDENDUM - CONTINENTAL RESOURCES View
02/16/2022 REPLY BRIEF - STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA View

Counsel

Party Type Name
AMICUS CURIAE PRIVATE PRACTICE Lawrence Bender - 03908
APPELLANT ATT. GENERAL OFFICE Matthew Arnold Sagsveen - 05613
APPELLANT PRIVATE PRACTICE Not Licensed in ND - 00002
APPELLANT PRIVATE PRACTICE Alexander Karl Obrecht - 08346
APPELLEE PRIVATE PRACTICE Todd Adam Sattler - 05718
APPELLANT ATT. GENERAL OFFICE Steven B. Nelson - 09212
APPELLEE PRIVATE PRACTICE Derrick Lance Braaten - 06394

(Note: Attachments may not be available for recently filed cases and/or confidential documents.)

Seq. # Filing Date Description Attachment
1 05/17/2021 NOTICE OF APPEAL : 05/17/2021
2 05/18/2021 ANNOUNCED DISQUALIFICATION : VandeWalle, Gerald W.
3 05/20/2021 Rec'd $125 filing fee
4 05/20/2021 NOT. OF FILING NOT. OF APPEAL AND PROOF OF SERV.
5 05/20/2021 Notice served on Matthew A. Sagsveen, David R. Phillips, Derrick L. Braaten, Alexander K. Obrecht,
6 05/20/2021 L. Poe Leggett
7 05/24/2021 MOTION FOR LEAVE TO CORRECT JUDGMENT AND STAY BRIEFING (AND REMAND)
8 05/28/2021 ACTION BY CHIEF JUSTICE - Granted
9 05/28/2021 ORDER OF REMAND
10 06/01/2021 Briefing Schedule Stayed
11 06/01/2021 Order/Judgment Sent to Parties
12 06/01/2021 Notice of Appearance of Alexander K. Obrecht and L. Poe Leggette on behalf of Continental Resources
13 06/01/2021 Updated Affidavit from L. Poe Leggette for pro hac vice appearance
14 06/01/2021 SECOND NOTICE OF APPEAL - CONTINENTAL RESOURCES
15 06/02/2021 Notice served on Matthew A. Sagsveen, David R. Phillips, Derrick L. Braaten, Alexander K. Obrecht &
16 06/02/2021 L. Poe Leggett
17 06/02/2021 NOT. OF FILING NOT. OF APPEAL AND PROOF OF SERV.
18 06/07/2021 MOTION FOR LEAVE TO FILE AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF BY NORTH DAKOTA PETROLEUM COUNCIL &
19 06/07/2021 PERMISSION TO PARTICIPATE IN ORAL ARGUMENT
20 06/08/2021 ACTION BY CLERK (reqeust to particiapte in oral argument denied by Chief) - Granted
21 06/10/2021 MOTION TO EXTEND STAY
22 06/10/2021 ACTION BY CHIEF JUSTICE - Granted
23 06/10/2021 ORDER OF REMAND
24 06/11/2021 Briefing Schedule Stayed
25 06/11/2021 Order/Judgment Sent to Parties
26 07/08/2021 ELEC. RECORD ON APPEAL DATED JULY 7, 2021 (ENTRY NOS.1-213)
27 07/08/2021 MOT. EXT/TIME APPELLANT BRIEF (Reset due to Remand)
28 07/08/2021 ACTION BY CLERK (Reset due to Remand) - Granted : 08/09/2021
29 07/14/2021 AMENDED ELEC. RECORD ON APPEAL DATED JULY 13, 2021 (ENTRY NOS.1-19; 21-33; 35-214)
30 07/29/2021 MOTION FOR STAY BY STATE APPELLANTS
31 08/02/2021 Joinder in Motion for Stay by Continental Resources, Inc.
32 08/03/2021 ORDER OF REMAND
33 08/03/2021 ACTION BY SUPREME COURT (m/stay) - Granted
34 08/04/2021 Briefing stayed pending remand
35 10/06/2021 ELEC. RECORD ON APPEAL DATED OCTOBER 5, 2021 (ENTRY NOS.1-19, 21-33, 35-240) (RE-FILED)
36 10/07/2021 AMENDED NOTICE OF APPEAL
37 10/07/2021 NOT. OF FILING NOT. OF APPEAL AND PROOF OF SERV.
38 10/07/2021 Notice served on Matthew A. Sagsveen, David R. Phillips, Alexander K. Obrecht, L. Poe Leggette,
39 10/07/2021 Derrick L. Braaten, Lawrence Bender & Tanner J. Pearson
40 10/07/2021 MOT. EXT/TIME APPELLANT BRIEF (RESET DUE TO REMAND)
41 10/07/2021 ACTION BY CLERK (RESET DUE TO REMAND) - Granted : 11/08/2021
42 10/26/2021 MOTION TO FILE OVERLENGTH BRIEF (ATB - STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA)
43 10/27/2021 ACTION BY CLERK (overlength brief of up to 44 pages) - Granted
44 11/08/2021 APPELLANT BRIEF & ADDENDUM - STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA View
45 11/08/2021 Oral Argument Request by Appellant - State of North Dakota
46 11/08/2021 APPELLANT APPENDIX - STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA
47 11/08/2021 APPELLANT BRIEF & ADDENDUM - CONTINENTAL RESOURCES View
48 11/08/2021 Oral Argument Request by Appellant - Continental Resources
49 11/08/2021 AMICUS CURIAE BRIEF View
50 11/09/2021 Rec'd non-substantive corrections to ATB-State (hard page breaks) & proof of service
51 11/09/2021 Rec'd svc of ATB - Continental Resources on Amicus Curiae
52 11/10/2021 Rec'd copies of ATB-Continental Recources from Central Duplicating
53 11/10/2021 Rec'd copies of ATB-State &ATA from Central Duplicating
54 11/10/2021 Rec'd copies of ACB from Central Duplicating
55 11/10/2021 Rec'd $45.50 overage for ATA - State of North Dakota (Receipt #28280)
56 12/03/2021 MOT. EXT/TIME APPELLEE BRIEF
57 12/03/2021 ACTION BY CLERK - Granted : 01/07/2022
58 12/27/2021 Notice of appearance of additional counsel to Appellant - Steven B. Nelson
59 01/06/2022 MOT. EXT/TIME APPELLEE BRIEF AND FOR ADDITIONAL PAGES IN AEB
60 01/06/2022 ACTION BY CHIEF JUSTICE (EXT. AND 6 ADDITIONAL PAGES GRANTED) - Granted : 01/21/2022
61 01/21/2022 APPELLEE BRIEF View
62 01/25/2022 Rec'd copies of AEB from Central Duplicating
63 01/27/2022 MOT. EXT/TIME REPLY BRIEF
64 01/27/2022 ACTION BY CHIEF DEPUTY CLERK - Granted : 02/16/2022
65 02/04/2022 Non-compliant RYB rec'd (given until 2/11/22 to file compliant RYB)
66 02/10/2022 REPLY BRIEF & ADDENDUM - CONTINENTAL RESOURCES View
67 02/15/2022 Rec'd copies of RYB-Cont. Res. from Central Duplicating
68 02/15/2022 NOTICE OF ORAL ARGUMENT SENT
69 02/15/2022 Intent to Particpate in Oral Argument by Appellee
70 02/16/2022 SITTING WITH THE COURT : Herauf, William A.
71 02/16/2022 REPLY BRIEF - STATE OF NORTH DAKOTA View
72 02/17/2022 Rec'd copies of RYB-State from Central Duplicating
73 03/03/2022 Rec'd Notice of Substitution of Officeholder
74 03/15/2022 Request for Radio/TV Coverage (The Bismarck Tribune)
75 03/15/2022 ACTION BY CHIEF DEPUTY CLERK - Granted
76 03/18/2022 Request for Radio/TV Coverage (Forum Communications)
77 03/18/2022 ACTION BY SUPREME COURT - Granted
78 03/24/2022 APPEARANCES: Matthew A. Sagsveen, Alexander K. Obrecht, L. Poe Leggette, & Derrick L. Braaten
79 03/24/2022 ARGUED: Matthew A. Sagsveen, L. Poe Leggette, & Derrick L. Braaten
80 03/24/2022 ORAL ARGUMENT WEBCAST
81 08/04/2022 DISPOSITION
82 08/04/2022 UNANIMOUS OPINION : Tufte, Jerod E. View
83 08/04/2022 BY ORDER OF THE COURT, COSTS ON APPEAL TAXED IN FAVOR OF APPELLEE
84 08/04/2022 Judgment View
85 08/19/2022 PETITION FOR REHEARING AND ADDENDUM View
86 08/22/2022 Rec'd 3 copies of PER from CSD
87 08/24/2022 MOTION FOR ATTORNEY'S FEES by Northwest Landowners Association View
88 08/25/2022 ACTION BY SUPREME COURT (Petition for Reheraing) - Denied View
89 08/30/2022 ACTION BY SUPREME COURT (Motion for Attorney's Fees) - Denied
90 09/09/2022 MANDATE