Overview of North Dakota Juvenile Court
North Dakota Juvenile Court is a division of North Dakota State District Court.
The child who is the focus of the juvenile court action must be either 1) unmarried and under the age of 18; or 2) under the age of 20 and committed the delinquent act while under the age of 18.
Only certain types of actions can be brought to Juvenile Court.
Delinquent Child: A delinquent child is a child who has committed an act that is considered a crime and is in need of treatment or rehabilitation.
Child in Need of Services: A child in need of services is a child who has committed an offense that only applies to a child, such as truancy, consuming or possessing alcohol, disobedience of parental commands, or using tobacco, and is in need of treatment or rehabilitation.
Child in Need of Protection: A child in need of protection is a child who is “without proper parental care or control necessary for the child’s physical, mental or emotional health, or morals, and the need for services of protection is not due primarily to the lack of financial means of the child’s parents, guardian or other custodian.”
Termination of Parental Rights: An order terminating parental rights of a parent terminates all the parent's rights and obligations with respect to the child and of the child to or through the parent arising from the parental relationship.
Guardianship: A guardianship of a minor child is a juvenile court process where a judge or judicial referee appoints a guardian to act in the place of a parent of the minor child. A legal relationship is created between the guardian and the minor child, allowing the guardian to care for and make decisions on behalf of the minor child.
Checklists and General Use Forms
Forms are not available for every legal issue or circumstance. If you do not find the form on this website, the form is not available through the North Dakota Legal Self Help Center.
You may need to create legal documents yourself. The General-Use forms below may be used as a starting point for creating your own legal documents.
- Starting a Juvenile Court Action – Checklist
- Caption and Signature for Verified Petition form
- Caption and Signature form
- Affidavit form
Selected Statutes (Laws) & Rules
Following are legal research starting points related to North Dakota Juvenile Court. You may need to conduct additional legal research into your legal issue. See the Legal Research Section of this website.
- Chapter 27-20.1 of the North Dakota Century Code
- Chapter 27-20.2 of the North Dakota Century Code
- Chapter 27-20.3 of the North Dakota Century Code
- Chapter 27-20.4 of the North Dakota Century Code
- North Dakota Rules of Juvenile Procedure
If you do not understand any of this information, or if you have trouble filling out any of the forms located here, please see an attorney for help.
The information provided on and obtained from this site does not constitute the official record of the Court. This information is provided as a service to the general public. Any user of this information is hereby advised that it is being provided "as is". The information provided may be subject to errors or omissions. Visitors to this site agree that the Court is not liable for errors or omissions of any of the information provided.
If you have a question relating to a case that is already filed please contact the clerk of court for the county.