The amendments to Rule 51 update the applicable mortality table to be used by courts when determining the sentence of an offender subject to a term of life imprisonment with opportunity for parole. Courts must now refer to the total all origins and races column of Table A of the United States Life Tables, which is included in the National Vital Statistics Reports, Volume 70, No. 19, p. 3 of March 20, 2022. The table is available at https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr70/nvsr70-19.pdf
The amendments to Rule 58 make the vexatious litigant procedure applicable to the attorney and judicial disciplinary process and to small claims court. In addition, the amendments clarify pre-filing order procedure, placing procedures for subsequent filings in its own section and creating a new section on sanctions and new litigation.